...

...

Friday, April 27, 2007

Father Himalaya-

I'm afraid I'm a bit behind in blogging this week- we were in New York for four days last week through the weekend, and then I had to rush to get the new catalog to the printer. But now that's all done, and as I was sitting here, browsing through images on my computer, I came across the picture you see to the left, which is part of a very interesting tale...

We once had a book which had the ownership inscription of a "Father Himalaya". Being curious, I did some digging and discovered a really amazing man-

Manuel Antonio Gomes 'Himalaya' [1868-1933] was known as "Father Himalaya", and is considered to be the father of solar energy in Portugal, and a visionary pioneer in the field of renewable energy. After taking Holy Orders in the Society of Jesus he studied natural sciences, physics, chemistry, mathematics and astronomy, and traveled to France where he studied with the noted chemist Marcelin Berthelot. In 1899 he was granted a patent by the French government for a device to produce heat by focusing the sun's rays.

In 1900 he constructed a test device in the Pyrenees and attained a temperature of 1100 degrees centigrade. In 1902 an experiment in Lisbon attained 2000 degrees, and he made a final, startling demonstration of the power of such a device at the St. Louis Exposition in Missouri 1904. There he constructed his "Pireliofero" (that's it in the picture), a 3-story high parabolic mirror mounted on a monstrous iron framework which focused sunlight on an oven mounted opposite the mirror. The oven reached a temperature of 3500 degrees, melting a test chunk of basalt, and Father Himalaya won a Grand Prize for his efforts.

He promoted other forms of renewable energy as well, including tidal energy and hydroelectric power, wind power, and geothermal power. Alas, there was plenty of cheap coal and oil available, and his work was generally ignored and forgotten. Father Himalaya retired to become chaplain at Viana Castle, a charity home, where he died at the age of 65. His work has excited interest in Europe in recent years, and his ideas have only lately attained a measure of the respect which eluded them in his lifetime.

That's what I love about bookselling- you find out all sorts of things you didn't even know you were looking for.

10 comments:

Phoebe Fay said...

That is very cool. Well, hot, actually.

If he were alive today, he'd probably be considered a terrorist.

Colonel Colonel said...

Phoebe- well, yes, probably. I wasn't going to mention that...

Joey Polanski said...

Th Jesuits wodrful feat,

Had spiritual powr as well.

For Satan coud not stand th heat,

And promptly ran straight back to Hell.

catalyst said...

Wonder if you could cook up a few hummingbirds with that thing.

Mike said...

Great story Colonel. Makes me wonder what other great ideas are already out there that we could use to solve our current energy problems.

If we could hook up wind turbines all around Washington DC we could probably harness enough wind to run the country for a month.

Colonel Colonel said...

Joey-
The Jesuits are most complete-
for learning they just can't be beat.
They're explorers and travelers,
They excell in all matters-
If only they'd start washing their feet!

Catalyst- I think the raw-to-cooked time for a hummingbird that flew through that beam would be .000005 seconds. Raw-to-charred time- .000007 seconds.

Mike- Only a month?????

rafael said...

Well, I'm glad finally someone found about one of the great Portuguese, like fther Himalaya. Besides the Pireliofero, he had other ideas that were revolutionary for his time. Unfortunately his work is barely known, even here in Portugal!

GPC said...

where is that book?

Colonel Colonel said...

Hi,

Thanks for your question. This is a book that we have currently in stock. Here's the full description-


Charleton, Arthur G. "Tin: Describing the Chief Methods of Mining, Dressing & Smelting it Abroad. With Notes upon Arsenic, Bismuth and Wolfram" Published in London by E. & F.N. Spon: 1884.

A scholarly study of European methods of mining, dressing and smelting tin, chiefly in Bohemia and Saxony. Charleton was a member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers.

This copy bears the ownership signature of Manuel Antonio Gomes 'Himalaya' [1868-1933(?)]. "Father Himalaya" is considered to be the father of solar energy in Portugal, and a visionary pioneer in the field of renewable energy. After taking Holy Orders in the Society of Jesus he studied natural sciences, physics, chemistry, mathematics and astronomy, and traveled to France where he studied with the noted chemist Marcelin Berthelot.

In 1899 he was granted a patent by the French government for a device to produce heat by focusing the sun's rays; in 1900 he constructed a test device in the Pyrenees and attained a temperature of 1100 degrees centigrade. In 1902 an experiment in Lisbon attained 2000 degrees, and he made a final, startling demonstration of the power of such a device at the St. Louis Exposition in Missouri 1904. There he constructed his "Pireliofero", a 3-story high parabolic mirror mounted on a monstrous iron framework which focused sunlight on an oven mounted at the top of the structure. The oven reached a temperature of 3500 degrees, melting a test chunk of basalt, and Father Himalaya won a Grand Prize for his efforts.

He promoted other forms of renewable energy as well, including tidal energy and hydroelectric power, wind power, and geothermal power. Alas, there was plenty of cheap coal and oil available, and his work was generally ignored and forgotten. Father Himalaya retired to become chaplain at Viana Castle, a charity home, where he died at the age of 65. His work has excited interest in Europe in recent years, and his ideas have only lately attained a measure of the respect which eluded them in his lifetime.

Hardcover. 6"x9", 83 pages with 2 b/w plates and several text illustrations, plus 17 folding plates of plans and elevations. Light wear, a little rubbing to the tips, etc., text a bit browned, endpaper slightly spotted, but a very nice copy; ownership inscription "Rev. M.A.G. Himalaya, Braga, Portugal, 1907" on the title page. [05444] $200.00

If there are any other questions I can answer, please email me at office@joslinhall.com.

Unknown said...

I have written two novels about this amazing man: The Niche of Sao Tiago, and Little Himalaya. They are both available on Amazon books. Enjoy.